Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg announces public discussion series on tech

Mark Zuckerberg announced on Tuesday that he will host a series of public discussions about the future of technology in society, which the Facebook CEO admitted will require him to “put myself out there more than I’ve been comfortable with.”

“Every few weeks I’ll talk with leaders, experts, and people in our community from different fields and I’ll try different formats to keep it interesting,” Zuckerberg wrote in a post on his personal Facebook page. “These will all be public, either on my Facebook or Instagram pages or on other media.”

The announcement comes in the form of Zuckerberg’s annual personal challenge, which in previous years has included everything from killing the meat he ate to wearing a tie to work.

It also points to growing skepticism from politicians, the general public and even many technologists over the possible harms of Facebook and other tech that has quickly taken hold in the lives of millions of people.

Among the critiques leveled at technology companies is the notion that some of its innovations have been created without properly anticipating negative impacts or manipulation by bad actors, a line or argument that Zuckerberg alluded to.

“’I’m an engineer, and I used to just build out my ideas and hope they’d mostly speak for themselves,” Zuckerberg said. “But given the importance of what we do, that doesn’t cut it anymore.”

Zuckerberg said that although he had been hesitant to speak publicly on controversial topics, he was ready to “engage more in some of these debates about the future, the tradeoffs we face, and where we want to go.”

The new challenge follows on the one he set in 2018, which he said at the end of the year has ended up being “more than a one-year challenge.”

“We’re a very different company today than we were in 2016, or even a year ago. We’ve fundamentally altered our DNA to focus more on preventing harm in all our services, and we’ve systematically shifted a large portion of our company to work on preventing harm,” he wrote.

Zuckerberg’s challenges didn’t use to be so heavy. In fact, some of them were fun.

In 2009, Facebook had 150 million users and the most important challenge facing Zuckerberg was trading in his T-shirt for a tie when he went to work. Zuckerberg vowed 2010 would be a year of progress with his Mandarin skills and it appears to have paid off. Zuckerberg has charmed crowds in China with his speaking skills, even if they’ve been criticized as “clumsy.”

In 2011, Zuckerberg killed a chicken, pig and a goat as part of his personal challenge, which was to only eat meat that he slaughtered. The animals were then sent to a butcher, who would send the meat back to Zuckerberg for his home cooking adventures, which made use of every part of the animal. Zuckerberg ate chicken livers and made stock from chicken feet, according to Fortune.

The year Facebook went public, 2012, Zuckerberg vowed to stick to his roots and code every day.

In 2013, Zuckerberg’s goal was to meet someone new — who doesn’t work at Facebook — every day and have a conversation with them. The next year, he focused on writing one “thank you” note every day, which Zuckerberg said would be tough because he’s “a really critical person.”

“I always kind of see how I want things to be better, and I’m generally not happy with how things are, or the level of service that we’re providing for people, or the quality of the teams that we built. But if you look at this objectively, we’re doing so well on so many of these things. I think it’s important to have gratitude for that,” he told Businessweek.

Marriott reveals 5 million unencrypted passport numbers were leaked in 2018 data breach

Marriott International said Friday that 5.25 million unencrypted passport numbers were stolen as part of a data breach it disclosed in November — but it also walked back the total number of people affected.

Among the information involved in the potential theft, the passport numbers and travel itineraries represent a potential espionage bonanza, a breach made more troubling since China has been seen as the likely origin of the cyberattack.

“Compromise of those passports is historic — 5.25 million individuals are essentially exposed to cybercrime and economic espionage,” Tom Kellermann, chief cybersecurity officer at Carbon Black, a Massachusetts-based cybersecurity firm, said. “The Chinese can now track individuals as they travel and leverage physical and cyber assets to spy on them.”

Paired with other sensitive data and intelligence, the passport numbers, potentially as well as compromised arrival, departure and reservation date information, could allow hostile nation states to track the movements of key government and business executives, revealing their activities and intentions, or they could be used to recruit and coerce sources, intelligence and cybersecurity experts told NBC News.

“A passport number serves as a unique identifier and is required when entering and exiting international borders, as well as checking into hotels while traveling abroad,” Jon Condra, director of Asia Pacific research at the threat intelligence firm Flashpoint, said in an email. “Knowledge of this number would in theory aid Chinese intelligence efforts at tracking and establishing surveillance upon high value targets during travel.”

Even if the passport numbers are reissued, they could still be used to predict future travel by correlating them with past records, he said.

The company didn’t offer clues to the identity of the attackers in its latest update.

“As we near the end of the cyber forensics and data analytics work, we will continue to work hard to address our customers’ concerns and meet the standard of excellence our customers deserve and expect from Marriott,” Arne Sorenson, Marriott’s president and chief executive officer, said in a statement.

The company had initially said the hack compromised the data of up to 500 million guests but downgraded that to a maximum of 383 million guests. It said that number could fall further as the company identified duplicate customer records.

The revised figure still puts the breach among the largest ever reported, ahead of the credit-reporting agency Equifax’s loss of nearly 150 million customers’ data in 2017.

There were also nearly 20 million encrypted passport numbers involved in the intrusion, Marriott said, but there was no sign the attackers had stolen the master key needed to decode them back into numbers from scrambled text.

“It boggles the mind,” Mark Weatherford, former deputy undersecretary for cybersecurity at the Department of Homeland Security, said in an interview. “Why was 20 percent of their sensitive passport data unencrypted?”

“This is not simply credit card information that is easily changed,” Weatherford said. “This is incredibly sensitive and personal identification information that can be abused.”

Marriott also disclosed that the attack involved data on 8.6 million encrypted credit cards, of which all but 354,000 were expired. However, it said that fewer than 2,000 unencrypted card numbers still may have been swiped.